Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system that prevents a person from having children. Male infertility means that the man has a problem with his reproductive system. This means that it is not possible to get pregnant with your partner. Male infertility can be caused by a variety of factors and the cause can be checked with a fertility test.
Here are some common causes of infertility in men:
Low Sperm Count (Oligospermia): When a man’s semen contains fewer sperm than normal,
it can reduce the chances of fertilization.
Poor Sperm Motility (Astheno-spermia): If sperm have difficulty moving or swimming properly, they may have trouble reaching the egg for fertilization.
Abnormal Sperm Morphology (Teratozoospermia): Sperm with irregular shapes or structures may have difficulty penetrating the egg.
Retrograde Ejaculation: In this condition, semen enters the bladder instead of being ejaculated out of the penis, which reduces the number of sperm released during ejaculation.
Premature Ejaculation: Ejaculating too quickly can limit the chances of sperm reaching the egg.
Obstruction or Blockage
Blockage in the Reproductive Tract: Conditions such as a congenital absence of the vas deferens or scarring due to infections can obstruct the passage of sperm during ejaculation.
Hormonal Disorders: Conditions like hypogonadism (low testosterone levels) or hyperprolactinemia can impact sperm production and fertility.
Erectile Dysfunction: Difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection can make sexual intercourse, and therefore conception, difficult.
Painful Intercourse: Pain during sexual intercourse can discourage regular attempts at conception.
Undescended Testicles (Cryptorchidism): Testicles that do not descend into the scrotum can lead to reduced sperm production and quality.
Testicular Injury or Trauma: Physical damage to the testicles can impair sperm production.
Infections and Inflammation
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs): Infections such as chlamydia or gonorrhea can lead to scarring or blockages in the reproductive tract.
Orchitic: Inflammation of the testicles, often caused by mumps, can affect sperm production.
Exposure to Toxins: Certain chemicals, radiation, and heavy metals can negatively affect sperm production and quality.
Smoking and Alcohol: Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption can harm sperm.
Obesity: Being overweight can lead to hormonal imbalances that impact fertility.
Stress: Chronic stress may affect sperm production.
Medications and Treatments: Some medications, such as certain chemotherapy drugs, can impair sperm production. Similarly, treatments like radiation therapy can affect fertility.
Genetic Factors: Some genetic conditions can cause male infertility, such as Klinefelter syndrome, Y-chromosome microdeletions, and cystic fibrosis.
It’s essential for couples experiencing difficulties with conception to seek medical advice from a fertility specialist or urologist. A thorough evaluation can help identify the underlying cause of male infertility, and treatments or interventions may be available to address specific issues and improve the chances of successful conception.
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Special Note: This content was created for general educational purposes, only and it might change with time. Speak to your doctor directly with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition, as the content here does not replace any care plan as determined by a physician.