Surrogacy Blog

What can cause male infertility?

Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system that prevents a person from having children. Male infertility means that the man has a problem with his reproductive system. This means that it is not possible to get pregnant with your partner. Male infertility can be caused by a variety of factors and the cause can be checked with a fertility test.

Here are some common causes of infertility in men:

Sperm Disorders:

Low Sperm Count (Oligospermia): When a man’s semen contains fewer sperm than normal,
it can reduce the chances of fertilization.

Poor Sperm Motility (Astheno-spermia): If sperm have difficulty moving or swimming properly, they may have trouble reaching the egg for fertilization.

Abnormal Sperm Morphology (Teratozoospermia): Sperm with irregular shapes or structures may have difficulty penetrating the egg.

Ejaculation Issue:

Retrograde Ejaculation: In this condition, semen enters the bladder instead of being ejaculated out of the penis, which reduces the number of sperm released during ejaculation.

Premature Ejaculation: Ejaculating too quickly can limit the chances of sperm reaching the egg.

Obstruction or Blockage

Blockage in the Reproductive Tract: Conditions such as a congenital absence of the vas deferens or scarring due to infections can obstruct the passage of sperm during ejaculation.

Hormonal Imbalances

Hormonal Disorders: Conditions like hypogonadism (low testosterone levels) or hyperprolactinemia can impact sperm production and fertility.

Sexual Dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction: Difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection can make sexual intercourse, and therefore conception, difficult.

Painful Intercourse: Pain during sexual intercourse can discourage regular attempts at conception.

Testicular Issues

Undescended Testicles (Cryptorchidism): Testicles that do not descend into the scrotum can lead to reduced sperm production and quality.

Testicular Injury or Trauma: Physical damage to the testicles can impair sperm production.

Infections and Inflammation

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs): Infections such as chlamydia or gonorrhea can lead to scarring or blockages in the reproductive tract.

Orchitic: Inflammation of the testicles, often caused by mumps, can affect sperm production.

Environmental Factors

Exposure to Toxins: Certain chemicals, radiation, and heavy metals can negatively affect sperm production and quality.

Lifestyle Factors

Smoking and Alcohol: Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption can harm sperm.

Obesity: Being overweight can lead to hormonal imbalances that impact fertility.

Stress: Chronic stress may affect sperm production.

Medications and Treatments: Some medications, such as certain chemotherapy drugs, can impair sperm production. Similarly, treatments like radiation therapy can affect fertility.

Genetic Factors: Some genetic conditions can cause male infertility, such as Klinefelter syndrome, Y-chromosome microdeletions, and cystic fibrosis.

It’s essential for couples experiencing difficulties with conception to seek medical advice from a fertility specialist or urologist. A thorough evaluation can help identify the underlying cause of male infertility, and treatments or interventions may be available to address specific issues and improve the chances of successful conception.

Tammuz Family

We are an international surrogacy, fertility, and egg donation company. For more information, write to
Special Note: This content was created for general educational purposes, only and it might change with time. Speak to your doctor directly with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition, as the content here does not replace any care plan as determined by a physician.

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